International fredsbevægelse
 

Tre nobelfredsprismodtagere: Tilbagekald fredsprisen 2012 til EU

Tre tidligere nobelfredsprismodtagere protesterer i åbent brev mod at EU får fredsprisen for 2012. De kalder tildelingen uretmæssig og ulovlig og kræver at den ikke kommer til udbetaling

Tre fredsprisvindere kræver, at Nobelstiftelsen i Stockholm tilbagekalder fredsprisen for 2012 til EU. De tre, Mairead Maguire, Desmond Tutu og Adolfo Peres Esquivel, fremhæver i et åbent brev - sammen med syv andre kendte fredsforkæmpere - at Nobel ønskede at støtte dem, som arbejder for en demilitariseret global fredsorden baseret på samarbejde, traktater og nedrustning, og at en sådan global fredsambition ikke er en erklæret hensigt i EU-samarbejdet.

Den norske fredspriskomite har fordrejet Nobels hensigter, siger de tre prisvindere i brevet, som understreger at EU ikke arbejder for en demilitariseret global orden, som ønsket af Nobel, men foretrækker sikkerhed baseret på militær styrke og krigsførelse frem for at finde alternative tilgange.

Det Internationale Fredsbureau IPB bad i forrige uge svenske myndigheder om at vedtage en midlertidig bemyndigelse til at standse udbetaling af prisen til EU.

- Problemet er at Nobelprisen har mistet fokus, i dag har vi en pris for "fred" i al alminnelighed, udtaler IPBs co-præsident Tomas Magnusson, som beklager at det norske Stortinget nedsætter udvalg, som er mod Nobels idé og forsømmer prisens formål . Baseret på en uautoriseret ændring af formålet bruger komiteen betroede midler til fordel for sine egne politiske agendaer.

Ifølge Magnusson har dette aldrig været klarere end i 2012.

Her er det åbne brev (på engelsk) sendt til


The Nobel Foundation
P.O. Box 5232, SE-102 45 Stockholm,
Sweden
cc.: The Foundations Authority, Stockholm County (Länsstyrelsen)

November 28, 2012

THE 2012 PEACE PRIZE IS UNLAWFUL AND CANNOT BE PAID TO THE EU

The European Union, announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee as the winner of the peace prize for 2012, clearly is not one of “the champions of peace” Alfred
Nobel had in mind when he described the purpose in his will. We ask the Board of the Foundation to clarify that it cannot and will not pay the prize from its funds.

We would like to remind you of the decision of the Swedish Foundations Authority (Länsstyrelsen) on March 21, 2012, requesting the Board to examine the purpose Nobel described in his will, underlining that all prizes must comply, and clarifying that the Swedish Foundations Act places the supreme authority and responsibility also for the Norwegian decisions in the Board of the Nobel Foundation.

Unauthorized transformation of Nobel´s purpose

Instead of an unspecified prize for “peace,” Alfred Nobel in his 1895 testament explained in precise terms the champions of peace (“fredsförfäktare”) whose work he wished to benefit. Nobel intended to support the political work for a demilitarized global peace order (a“folkens förbrödrande”), based on co-operation, law and disarmament.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has redefined and reshaped the prize in a way that is not in accordance with the law. The choice of the EU for the 2012 prize fails on at least two counts:

1. the EU is not seeking to realize Nobel´s demilitarized global peace order,

2. the EU and member states condone security based on military force and waging wars rather than insisting on the need for an alternative approach.

The purpose of the peace prize is clarified by recent research. In 2008 Fredrik S. Heffermehl, a Norwegian lawyer and author and a former IPB Vice President, published the first known legal study of the prize and its purpose. In 2010 he publishedThe Nobel Peace Prize. What Nobel Really Wanted (Praeger, 2010) with later updates in Chinese, Finnish, Swedish (Leopard, 2011).

The case for declaring the 2012 prize unlawful further rests on facts widely known and mentioned in comments following the announcement and we implore the Foundation to act in defense of the Nobel Peace Prize and its creator Alfred Nobel.

Loyal promotion of Nobel´s global peace order is the committee´s main obligation. Even accepting some flexibility with technical rules, the 2012 prize for the EU is particularly problematic in relation to Nobel language on “the last expired year” and that the winner should be a“person.”

We would appreciate an urgent clarification from the Foundation.

Sincerely,

Mairead Maguire, Nobel laureate, Northern Ireland,

Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel laureate, South Africa

Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Nobel laureate, Argentina

Co-signed by the following in their personal capacities (organizational affiliation only for identification and relevance)

Bruce Kent, former president of the International Peace Bureau, IPB (UK)

Robert Hinde, professor, Movement for the Abolition of War (UK)

Peter Kolbe, Board Member, UNA Branch of Baden Württemberg (Germany)

David Swanson, author, warisacrime.org (USA)

Tomas Magnusson, Co-president, International Peace Bureau (Sweden)

Ståle Eskeland, professor of law, University of Oslo, Norway

Fredrik S. Heffermehl, lawyer and author (The Nobel Peace Prize), Norway

 

- End -